Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection, also known as a UTI, is a common urological condition in which bacteria gets into the urinary system.

Education and Diagnosis
Symptoms
Testing & Treatment

Education & Diagnosis

A urinary tract infection, also known as a UTI, is a common urological condition in which bacteria gets into the urinary system. The urinary tract is the area within the human body that produces, stores and eliminates urine through a system of integrated organs. Several things can cause a urinary tract infections including STDs, blockages in the urinary tract, certain types of medications, menopause/post-menopause, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and individuals having other chronic illnesses.

Symptoms

UTIs can cause many symptoms including:

  • Pelvic or lower abdominal pain
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Urge to urinate, but only a small amount of urine comes out
  • Foul-odor urine
  • Urine leakage
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Urine that looks cloudy or milky
  • Blood in urine
  • Penis discharge (in men)

Testing & Treatment

Urinalysis and Urine Culture are the most frequently used tests for the evaluation of potential urinary tract infection (UTI). The tests help the doctor identify a positive infection, as well as provide the possible cause of infection. People with recurrent UTIs may need to be checked for obstructions, stones, and/or anatomical abnormalities using a cystoscopy (small camera inside the bladder) or an ultrasound.

Treatment

Usually doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat UTIs. Once you start taking medication, your symptoms should go away in a few days. If left untreated, the infection can spread to the kidneys, which will result in more severe symptoms.

Prevention

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