Education & Diagnosis
Prostatitis is the inflammation or infection of the prostate gland, most commonly caused by bacteria.
The two most common types of prostatitis or prostate infection:
- Acute Bacterial Prostatitis: Usually caused by a sudden bacterial infection.
- Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis: The condition is caused by a bacterial infection. It can be episodic with flare-ups and remissions associated with treatment and subsequent recurrence. Symptoms are similar to acute bacterial prostatitis but develop gradually, are less severe, and do not produce a fever.
Symptoms of prostatitis or prostate infection include:
- Chills, fever, fatigue
- Lower back pain and dull body aches
- Painful urination
- Trouble urinating
- A burning or stinging feeling when urinating
- Strong, frequent urge to urinate
- Abdominal pain or pain in the lower belly, groin or scrotum
- Rectal pressure or pain
- Genital and rectal throbbing
- Urethral discharge with bowel movements
- Painful ejaculation (sexual climax)
- Sexual problems and loss of sex drive
Testing & Treatment
More than half of all men will be affected by prostatitis or a prostate infection at some point in their lives. To diagnose prostatitis or prostate infection, your doctor will evaluate your symptoms and may examine the prostate gland by rectal examination. Urine and/or prostate fluid may also be collected and evaluated for bacteria.
Medication is the most common treatment option. You will most likely be prescribed an antibiotic, in which you will take for 3-12 weeks depending on the type of prostatitis or prostate infection diagnosed.